Tuesday, 18 March 2008

G ~ is for Grebe


Galahad ~  Stephen Merriall had just left Lucia at 25 Brompton Square and was walking down Brompton Road. He was disturbed since Lucia had behaved very oddly, holding his hand and sitting too closely to him on the sofa. Although he and Lucia were excellent friends, they had many tastes in common, but Stephen would sooner never see her again than have  an intrigue with her. He was no hand, to begin with at amorous adventures, and even if he had been, he could not conceive of a woman more ill-adapted to dally with than Lucia. Galahad and Artemis would make a better job of it than Lucia and me,' he muttered to himself, turning hastily away from a window full of dainty underclothing for ladies.    
  
Stephen Merriall referred to Galahad here since he was the very epitome of chivalric gallantry and purity. Illegitimate son of Lancelot and Elaine of Corbenic, Gallahad was a knight of the Round Table and one of the three achievers of the Holy  Grail in Arthurian tradition and perhaps the embodiment of Jesus. Considered the perfect knight in courage, gentleness, courtesy and chivalry, he is recognised as able to conquer all of his enemies because of his purity. Tennyson reflects and glorifies Galahad's ongoing purity with the words:    
   
"I never felt the kiss of love,
Nor maiden's hand in mine."     
    
Given such virginal innocence, one can well understand why Stephen Merriall felt there were parallels between himself and Galahad, when he feared being unjustly viewed as Lucia's illicit lover.  See Hermione and Artemis.

Gallagher Banks ~ fishing grounds where the Italian trawler which picked up Lucia and Miss Mapp spent several months after they had been whisked out to sea on the kitchen table when a flood inundated Grebe. Lucia explained that it was situated "as far from Ireland as it is from America" and that they were there for two months: "Cod, cod ,cod, nothing but cod, and Elizabeth snoring all night in the cabin we shared together."

Gall and wormwood  ~  Daisy Quantock was having to come to terms with the implications of Lucia's return to Riseholme following her sojourn at 25, Brompton Square.  Daisy knew that her position as the priestess of Abfou was tottering. It was true that she had not celebrated the mysteries of late, for Riseholme (and she) had got rather tired of Abfou, but it was gall and wormwood to think that Lucia should steal (steal was the word) her invention and bring it out under the patronage of Vittoria as something quite new.      
    
Yet again, Benson appears to be quoting from the Bible. The earliest use of the phrase gall and wormwood is usually regarded as appearing in Lamentations 3:19: Remembering mine affliction and my misery, the wormwood and the gall. Also in Deuteronomy 29:18: Lest there should be among you man, or woman, or family , or tribe, whose heart turneth away this day from the Lord our God, to go serve the gods of these nations; lest there should be among you a root that beareth gall and wormwood.   
  
Gall and wormwood are bitter and poisonous and thus the term implies something acutely mortifying or vexing or a bitter or unpleasant experience.  For Daisy Quantock, Lucia's usurpation with Vittoria of her crown with Abfou as Riseholme's leading amateur psychic double act was indeed gall and wormwood. See Abfou and Vittoria.

Gamaliel ~ when his sisters Hermy and Ursy had, to their great delight, recognised the Guru and threatened to reveal their discovery to all and sundry, Georgie was vexed. The situation would be absolutely intolerable if Hermy and Ursy spread about Riseholme the fact that the innocent circle of Yoga philosophers had sat at the feet of no Gamaliel at all, but at those of a curry-cook from some low restaurant.  
     
Grandson of the great Jewish teacher Hillel the Elder, Gamaliel the Elder (Greek form of the Hebrew name: reward of God)  was a leading authority in the Sanhedrin in the mid first century. He is celebrated in the New Testament as a highly respected Pharisee doctor of Jewish law who advised his fellow members of the Sanhedrin not to put to death St Peter and the Apostles. His authoritative advice was unwelcome but acted upon. In this context Gamaliel is intended to embody impeccable intellectual rigour, the polar opposite of the  Guru, a con artist and thief.

Ganges ~ when Georgie Pillson visited his neighbour in Riseholme, Daisy Quantock, their hot topic of conversation was the recently arrived Indian Guru who was staying in the Quantock's spare room and husband Robert's dressing room.

Leaving later that evening, Georgie's last backward glance as he went out of the front door revealed Daisy standing on one leg again, which reminded him of a print of a uniped fakir in Benares. If the stream that flowed into the Avon could be construed into the Ganges, and the garden into the burning ghaut, and the swooping swallows into the kites, and the neat parlour-maid who showed him out into a Brahmin, and the Chinese gong that was so prominent an object in the hall into a piece of Benares brassware, he could almost have fancied himself as standing on the brink of the sacred river. The marigolds in the garden required no transmutation..Georgie had quite 'to pull himself together'.   
   
Rising in the western Himalayas, in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, the Ganges, that most sacred river to  Hindus and worshipped as the goddess "Ganga" is 1,569 miles in length. It flows south and east through the heavily populated Gangetic plain of North India into Bangladesh and then to the Bay of Bengal.

Interestingly, Rudyard Kipling's story The Madness of Private Ortheris includes the line "We shot all the forenoon, and killed two pariah-dogs, four green parrots sitting, one kite by the burning-ghaut..." which may have inspired this Kipling-esque interlude in cool and leafy Riseholme.   See Rudyard Kipling and burning ghaut.  
    
"Garden of Sleep, The"  ~  when Elizabeth Mapp was cutting out her poppies in the corn from curtains to adorn an outfit in competition with Diva Plaistow's chintz roses,  she remembered some sweet verses she had once read by Bernard Shaw or Clement Shorter or somebody like that about a garden of sleep somewhere in Norfolk...    
    
Fond though Elizabeth Mapp may have been of the works of Shaw or Mrs Clement Shorter, the sweet verses in question appear to have come from a popular poem by Clement Scott (1841-1904) called "The Garden of Sleep" where the term "Poppy-land" first appeared.  Scott was the influential and acerbic theatre critic of the "Daily Telegraph."  He was also a poet, playwright and travel writer. He visited the north Norfolk coast in 1883 and wrote to the "Daily Telegraph" of  "a blue sky without a cloud across it, a sea sparkling under a haze of heat and wild flowers in profusion."   His enthusiasm for the stretch of north Norfolk coast from Sheringham to Mundesley, helped inspire other Victorian poets to visit including Wilde, Swinburne, Watts-Dunton and Tennyson. "The Garden of Sleep" was said to have  been composed in Sidestrand churchyard:

On the grass of the cliff, at the edge of the steep,
God planted a garden - a garden of sleep!

'Neath the blue of sky, in the green of the corn,
It is there that the regal red poppies are born!
Brief days of desire, and long dreams of delight,
They are mine when Poppy-Land cometh in sight.
In music of distance, with eyes that are wet,
It is there I remember, and there I forget!
O! heart of my heart! where the poppies are born,
I am waiting for thee, in the hush of the corn.
Sleep! Sleep!
From the Cliff to the Deep!
Sleep, my Poppy-Land,
Sleep!
In my garden of sleep, where red poppies are spread,
I wait for the living, alone with the dead!
For a tower in ruins stands guard o'er the deep,
At whose feet are green graves of dear women asleep!
Did they love as I love, when they lived by the sea?
Did they wait as I wait, for the days that may be?
Was it hope or fulfilling that entered each breast,
Ere death gave release, and the poppies gave rest?
O! life of my life! on the cliffs by the sea,
By the graves in the grass, I am waiting for thee!
Sleep! Sleep!
In the Dews of the Deep!
Sleep, my Poppy-Land,
Sleep!

The tower mentioned was Craske's Tower at Sidestrand, where Clement Scott rented the Mill House. Craske's Tower fell into the sea in about 1916 or 1917, as did the graveyard attached to the church.  Paradoxically, in popularising the area for retirees and holidaymakers, Scott helped to impair the peace and beauty he found so appealing and create the "Bungalow-land" he most feared.  One can but wonder if he would have been touched at the tribute to his sweetly sentimental lines constituted by Miss Mapp of Tilling's meditation upon them whilst carrying out her dexterous handiwork of cutting out and applying so many of his favourite poppies amidst the corn. See George Bernard Shaw and Clement Shorter.    
        
Garden Room ~ the entrancing sunny garden room of Mallards was the biggest and best room in Mallards. Sycophantically, Major Flint referred to it as "The pleasantest room in Tilling, I always say, Miss Elizabeth." It was spacious and cool in summer, with one window shaded with the big leaves of a fig tree.
   
Solid and spacious, it was built at right angles to the front of the house and situated a few yards away from the house itself. It commanded from its bow window a strategical point of high value, affording a unique unrestricted view down Porpoise Street to the High Street in Tilling and in the other direction past Mallards Cottage to the church. A favourite eyrie from which Elizabeth Mapp and latterly Lucia might comfortably view the goings-on about the town.

After her marriage to Major Benjy, Elizabeth had generously surrendered the garden room to him and, instead of her watercolours, the walls were hung with heads of deer and antelopes, the spoil of Benjy's sporting expeditions in India and a trophy consisting of spears and arrows and rhinoceros-hide whips and an apron made of shells, and on the floor were his moth eaten tiger skins. A stern business table stood in the window, a leather chair like a hip bath in her cosy corner, a gun stand with golf clubs against the wall and, instead of dripping with the feminine knick-knacks of the days of Elizabeth's virginity, the room now reeked of masculinity and stale cigar smoke.   
      
When Lucia exchanged "Mallards" for "Grebe" and a handsome cash sum, extensive redecoration was carried out - including to the garden room.  The spacious cupboard in the wall once concealed behind a false bookcase of shelves ranged with leather simulcra of book backs, "Elegant Extracts", and "Poems" and "Commentaries" had been converted into a real bookcase, and Lucia's library of standard and classical works filled it from top to bottom. A glass chandelier hung from the ceiling, Persian rugs had supplanted the tiger skins and the walls were of dappled blue.

At Lucia's housewarming, the redecoration was greeted with rapture by the Padre and Evie Bartlett ("What a beautiful room!"), Diva Plaistow ("I never saw such an improvement..") and Mr and Mrs Wyse ("Genius! Artistic genius! Never did I appreciate the beautiful proportions  of this room before, it was smothered - ah, Mrs Mapp-Flint!"). Elizabeth Mapp-Flint was mortified by the changes and the universal admiration of the garden room was poisoning her worse than sherry.    
      
Gargantuan  ~  the inhabitants of Riseholme were bemused when large quantities of provisions were delivered to "The Hurst" whilst the Lucases were staying in London.  No indication whatsoever had been received from Lucia regarding her intentions to throw light upon this mystery...Riseholme was completely baffled; never had its powers of inductive reasoning been so  non-plussed..... Lunchtime arrived, and there were very poor appetites in Riseholme (with the exception of that Gargantuan of whom nothing was known).....     
    
Gargantuan implies enormity, immense size, huge volume or capacity and is generally (as in this case) used to describe things conected with food, such as appetite or a meal. The character "Gargantua" was a gigantic king,  known for his great capacity for food and drink in Rabelais' satire of  1534, "Gargantua and Pantagruel."  The mystery was shortly solved upon the arrival from London of Lucia and her weekend guests.    
   
Gashly, Mrs ~ Captain Puffin's cook.        
   
On the morning after Major Flint's challenge to a duel, Captain Puffin's housemaid during his absence at the station, found and read not only the notice intended for her eyes,  but the challenge, which he had left on the chimney piece. She conceived it to be her duty to take it down to Mrs Gashly, his cook, and while they were putting the bloodiest construction on these inscriptions, their conference was interrupted by the return of Captain Puffin in the highest spirits, who, after a vain search for the challenge, was quite content, as its content was no longer frought with danger and death, to suppose that he had torn it up.     
      
Mrs Gashly, therefore, after preparing breakfast at this unusually early hour, went across to the back door of the Major's house, with the challenge in her hand to borrow a nutmeg grater, and gleaned the information that Mrs Dominic's employer (for master he could not be called) had gone off in a great hurry to the station early that morning with a Gladstone bag and a portmanteau, the latter of which had been seen no more, though the Major had returned.    
  
So Mrs Gashly produced the challenge, and having watched Miss Mapp off to the High Street at half-past ten, Dominic and Gashly went together to her house, to see if  Withers could supply anything of importance, or, if not, a nutmeg grater. They were forced to be content with the grater, but pored over the challenge with Withers, and she having an errand to Diva's house, told Janet, who without further cermenoy bounded upstairs to tell her mistress. Hardly had Diva heard than she plunged into the High Street, and, with suitable additions, told Miss Mapp, Evie, Irene and the Padre under promise, in each case, of the strictest secrecy.....     
    
Garroby Ashton, MP ~ MP for Riseholme. Husband of Elsie/Millicent

Garroby Ashton, Elsie / Millicent or Millie ~ wife of the MP for Riseholme. A member of Lucia's social circle in London and avid Luciaphil. Rather like Aggie Sandeman, Mrs Garroby Ashton, could not quite keep pace with Lucia's ascent of London society. Thus she was disappointed not to be bidden to Adele Buxton's country house party were the creme de la creme gathered before the annual dispersion. Lucia was sorry for dear Millicent's disappointment, she could not but look down on it, as a perch far below her showed how dizzily she herself had gone upwards. But she had no intention of dropping good kind Millie who was hopping about below: she must certainly come to The Hurst for a Sunday: that would be nice for her, and she would learn about Adele's party.       
     
Gay audacities  ~     When Lucia suggested that, rather than remaining at home alone, Georgie should secretly come and stay with her at "Grebe" whilst he recovered  from shingles, “Georgie needed very little persuasion.  It was a daring proceeding to stay all alone with Lucia, but that was not in its disfavour. He was the professional jeune premier at Tilling, smart and beautifully dressed and going to more tea parties than anybody else, and it was not at all amiss that he should imperil his reputation and hers by these gay audacities."  
    
The “audacities” in question appear to be to stay at “Grebe” with Lucia, albeit in the guest bedroom, without the knowledge of their friends in Tilling. According to contemporary the mores these amounted to bold steps, heedless of the restraints imposed by prudence, propriety, or convention. They were “gay” because they were done in a carefree and light-hearted spirit.   See Jeune premier.   
   
Gelasius ~ Lucia cleverly bought and displayed beside a false Chippendale mirror in her drawing room a coloured print of Vandyk's portrait of Gelasius (believed to be the Dutch theologian, Guilielmus Saldenus (1627 - 1694)) to help persuade Georgie to retain the beard he had grown during a painful attack of shingles. The painting showed Gelasius with a most distinguished face: high eye-browed with a luxuriant crop of auburn hair and a small pointed beard. Lucia's ruse worked and Georgie's small, neatly trimmed and pointed goatee, dyed to match his hair (and toupet), soon masked his receding first and plump second chin as, in small part, an homage to Gelasius - and in large part an homage to Lucia. See Vandyk.

General Confession  ~  the Sunday morning after Olga Bracely's successful and very informal "romp" at Old Place, a disgruntled Lucia came to church rather late with Peppino, having no use for the General Confession, and sang with stony fervour.  
    
General Confession refers to the reception of the sacrament of penance, either a private confession of past sins or,  as in this case, when associated with the granting of absolution to the congregation when a general formula for confession is recited.

The General Confession from The Book of Common Prayer 1662 is as follows:    
   
Almighty God, Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, Maker of all things, Judge of all men: We acknowledge and bewail our manifold sins and wickedness, Which we, from time to time, most grievously have committed, By thought, word and deed, Against thy Divine Majesty, Provoking most justly thy wrath and indignation against us.  We do earnestly repent, And are heartily sorry for these our misdoings; The remembrance of them is grievous unto us; The burden of them is intolerable.   Have mercy upon us, have mercy upon us, most merciful Father; For thy Son our Lord Jesus Christ's sake, Forgive us all that is past; And grant that we may ever hereafter Serve and please thee In newness of life, To the honour and glory of thy name; Through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.  
   
General rule in Riseholme  ~  Georgie Pillson's windows overlooked Mrs Quantock's garden in Riseholme, and since he could not keep his eyes shut all day, it followed that the happenings there were quite common property. Indeed, that was the general rule in Riseholme: anyone in an adjoining house could say,"What an exciting game of lawn tennis you had this afternoon" having followed it from his bedroom . That was part of the charm: it was as if all Riseholme was a happy family with common interests and pursuits, and neighbours talked over the garden walls to each other. What happened in the house was a more private matter....."    
    
Geneva ~ Lucia told Georgie that she had decided to terminate her financial career. She cited the continual strain and found it absorbed her too much: "It keeps me on the stretch to be always watching the markets and estimating the effect of political disturbances. The Polish Corridor, Hitler, Geneva and the new American President. I shall close my ledgers".     
   
By referring to Geneva in the context of political disturbance at this time , Lucia seems to be pointing to the League of Nations, the precursor to the United Nations, founded by the Treaty of Versailles to prevent war through collective security, disarmament and settling disputes by negotiation or arbitration plus other policing functions in trafficking, arms, health, prisoners of war and minorities. At its largest between 1934-1935, it had 58 members. Topically for "Lucia 's Progress", the World Disarmament Conference was convened by the League of Nations in Geneva in 1932 with representatives of 60 states. Ultimately the League failed to outlaw war, limit rearmament or prevent territorial acquisition by threat or aggression. See Polish Corridor, Hitler and the new American President.

Genus omne  ~   Lucia was again explaining to Georgie Pillson the changes she intended to make to her life with the approach of her fiftieth birthday.  She had taken up finance seriously and felt that it was not years that give the measure of age but energy and capacity for enterprise. Achievement. Adventure. 

Lucia admitted that she was as busy as any woman could be , "but about paltry things, scoring off Elizabeth when she was pushing and that genus omne. I shall give all that up. I shall disassociate myself from all the petty gossip of the place...."    

The term Lucia used is usually "et hoc genus omne" meaning "and everything of this kind" or "all that sort of thing."       
    
George I  ~  When Lucia and Georgie arrived in Tilling for the first time, the town lay basking in the hot June sunshine, and its narrow streets abounded in red brick houses with tiled roofs, that shouted Queen Anne and George I in Lucia's enraptured ears, and made Georgie's fingers itch for his sketching tools.      
     
On the death of Queen Anne in 1714 her closest living Protestant relative, George I (1660-1727),  ascended the throne as the first monarch of the House of Hanover.  His reign saw the diminution of the powers of the monarch and the transition towards cabinet government and Sir Robert Walpole, Britain's first de facto prime minister.     
     
Architecturally, the Georgian succeeded the English baroque of Wren, Vanbrugh, Archer, Talman and Hawksmoor. Georgian style was linked with Greek and Roman classical influence which had increased markedly in consequence of the growing practice amongst the monied aristocracy of the Grand Tour.   In the mainstream were both Palladian architecture and its more whimsical alternatives Gothic and Chinoiserie, developing into the Neo-classicism of Adam, Gibbs, Chambers, Holland and Soane. Identifying features seen around parts of Tilling (and coincidentally, Rye) included simple two-storey boxes, using strictly symmetrical arrangements including chimneys, panel front doors centres topped with rectangular windows and embellished cornices. The by-words of Georgian classicism are understated elegance as opposed to the fussier baroque that had passed before and this appears to be what appealed to Lucia about "Mallards."  See Queen Anne.

George Pillson, Georgie ~ brother of Hermione and Ursula and lately married to Lucia or Emmeline Lucas, widow of Phillip Lucas.

Residents of Riseholme and later of Tilling always thought of George Pillson as Georgie. His main role in life was as cavaliere servente, gentleman-in-waiting or ADC to Lucia. Her devoted henchman,  he was the implacably Platonic but devout lover of Lucia. He was her devoted subordinate and courtier with the complete trust and approval of Lucia's first husband Philip or Pepino.

Georgie was not an obtrusively masculine sort of person. His embroidery did not go down well with military men such as Colonel Boucher and Major Flint, who on first seeing him in Tilling scornfully remarked,"That fellow whom I saw with Mrs Lucas this morning with a cape over his arm? Not much of a hand against the Spaniards, I should think. Ridiculous! Tea parties with a lot of old cats more in his line. Pshaw!" Major Benjy's contempt for Georgie and his sketches and his needle work had been intensified by the sight of his yachting cap, which he pronounced to be only fit for a popinjay.     
     
Such masculinity as he possessed was boyish rather than adult and the most important ingredients of his nature were feminine. He was surprisingly tall. His face was pink and round, with blue eyes, a short nose and very red lips. He made up for an absence of eyebrows by a firm little brown moustache clipped very short and brushed upwards at its extremities

Georgie took a special interest in his appearance and had a fondness for capes, Oxford bags, spats and hats. He was fastidious in the choice of fashionable clothing (daring to team a mustard coloured cape with a blue tam o' shanter, not to mention a fur trimmed cape and bright blue beret, worn a little sideways on his head) and in the care and dressing of his auburn toupet. It was generally known - even to new acquaintances such as Quaint Irene Coles - that Georgie died his greying hair. After a painful attack of shingles, which rendered him house-bound for some time, Georgie grew a beard which he was persuaded to retain, trimmed into a stylishly neat Vandyck goatee.

The only disadvantage of Georgie's beard appeared to be that it rendered him irresistible to the barbophilic Poppy, Duchess of Sheffield whom he encountered in Olga Bracely's box at the opera in London, in Tilling and whilst a guest at Olga's house party at Le Touquet. Georgie found her advances tarsome but retained his virtue, if not his dignity.

In his blameless 45 years, Georgie had never flirted with anyone. He had never been the least in love with Lucia, but somehow she had been as absorbing as any wayward and entrancing mistress.     
    
His many interests were artistic and mainly shared with Lucia. After the death of Lucia's husband, Georgie mused "Never, never shall she get me. I couldn't possibly marry her and I won't. I want to live quietly and do my sewing and my sketching, and see lots of Lucia, and play any amount of duets with her, but not marry her. Pray God she doesn't want me to!" Of course, only time would tell!     
    
He was the more talented pianist of the two and generously allowed Lucia the more interesting and less diffy treble part in their frequent piano duets - which each practised secretly in advance but normally claimed to be sight-reading for the first time.

He and Lucia indulged in baby talk and peppered their conversation with easy phrases in Italian. Neither discouraged the entirely incorrect assumption that they were fluent in la bella lingua.  When he and  Lucia were anxious about being found-out during the visit to Tilling of the Italian speaker Amelia, Contessa di Faraglione, Georgie played his part by departing to Folkestone for the week whilst Lucia feingned influenza. He became deus ex machina by obtaining from Mrs Brocklebank in Folkestone a draft letter in perfect Italian for Lucia to send to the Countess to crush any well-founded doubts regarding her fluency.     
    
He was a keen bridge player, a capable needle-person and produced creditably tidy and careful watercolours, mainly landscapes. When Lucia tried to persuade Quaint Irene to encourage Georgie in his painting, Irene replied "Of course, I'll do my best if you want me to, but it will be hard work to find beauty in Georgie's little valentines."

Normally mild of manner, when irritated he might go so far as to exclaim How tarsome! His mother had been a Bartlett - and second cousin to her late husband - which meant Lady Ambermere was well disposed towards him.

He relied entirely upon his peerless housemaid Foljambe and enjoyed a domestic life which gave time for various hobbies including caring personally for his treasured bibelots and passing enthusiasms, such as yoga, planchette and cycling.

He appeared as Drake in the Riseholme May Day Pageant directed by Lucia - after suffering much bruising to the shoulder from heavy-handed rehearsals of knighting by Daisy Quantock - and in a number of roles in various impromptu tableaux also devised by Lucia.

In addition to Lucia, Georgie was devoted to prima donna Olga Bracely with whom he enjoyed an intimate platonic friendship, again with the entire approval of her husband Mr Shuttleworth. Lucia did not fear any temperamental disturbance from her husband's "high regard" for Olga; Georgie's passions were not volcanic, but there was glitter and glamour in opera houses and prima donnas which might upset him if he was unchaperoned.      
       
Georgie was gentle in all his ways, and his manner of falling in love was very gentle too. Georgie admired Olga immensely, he found her stimulating and amusing, he would have enjoyed next best to that being her brother. He was devoted to her with a warmth that his supposed devotion to Lucia had ever kindled in him; he even went so far as to dream about her in an agitated though respectful manner.   
 
Georgie was entrusted with a good deal of the work entailed in the semi-independent supervision decorating and furnishing Old Place on its secret acquisition by Olga Bracely and was uncharacteristically and painfully discreet in carrying out his duties on her behalf - which serves as a measure of his devotion.

After the death of Lucia's husband Pepino, Georgie accompanied Lucia to Tilling where he joined in the local society he enjoyed so much and rented and subsequently purchased Mallards Cottage. He became very much the jeune premier in social circles at Tilling as he had been in Riseholme, smart , beautifully dressed and going to more tea parties than anybody else.

Georgie unselfishly assumed responsibility for Lucia's household and servants during the lengthy period after she had been washed out to sea with Miss Mapp and erected a touching, if presumptuous, cenotaph in their memory in the church yard at Tilling.   
     
During the period during which Lucia was "lost at sea" on a trawler on the Gallagher Banks, Georgie experienced what life was like without Lucia. There was nothing to look forward to, and he realised how completely Lucia and her manoeuvres and her indomitable vitality and her deceptions and her greatnessess supplied salt to his life. He had never been the least in love with her, but somehow she had been as absorbing as any wayward and entrancing mistress.    
   
After a very decent interval, he and Lucia grew even closer and decided to marry on the strict understanding that no intimacy need ever evolve.

Foljambe married Lucia's chauffeur Cadman and a satisfactory division of responsibilities was cordially agreed between Foljambe and Lucia's servant Grosvenor; in this way, ongoing domestic harmony was guaranteed at Mallards House.

Georgie undertook his duties as the consort of Lucia as Mayor of Tilling well, but was unsuccessful when standing against Mrs Elizabeth Mapp-Flint for election to the town council. Typically, he found the loss tarsome, but bore it magnanimously.

Lucia's overbearing self-importance when she became Mayor tested even Georgie's deep reserves of tolerance. He felt increasingly hunted and harried and life for him was losing that quality of of leisure which gave him time to feel busy and ready to take so thrilled an interest  in the minute happenings of the day. Lucia was poisoning that eager fount by an infusion of mayoral duties and responsibilities and tedious schemes for educational lectures and lighting of streets. True, the old pellucid spring gushed out sometimes: who, for instance, but she could have made Tilling bicycle-crazy, or have convinced Susan that Blue Birdie had gone to a higher sphere? That was her real metier, to render the trivialities of life intense for others. But how her schemes for the good of Tilling bored him!  
 
On the return of Olga Bracely from her world tour and following the loss of her husband, her friendship with Georgie flourished. He thrilled to see her perform Lucretia again and begin work on Diane de Poictiers and enjoyed her company in Riseholme, Tilling and Le Touquet. Whilst he continued to adore Olga and despite his occasional irritations with Lucia's mounting pretensions as Mayor of Tilling, he remained Lucia's loyal partner .

Georgie and Per ~ cheerful brothers who were respectively the foreman of the gas works and town surveyor, known to Lucia following investigations into the origin of the smell in the garden room at Mallards House.

They invited Lucia to visit Tilling cricket club and following her donations to fund the levelling and relaying of the pitch promoted her election as President of both Tilling's cricket and football clubs.     
     
15 Gerald Street ~ the flat of Princess Popoffski (real name Marie Lowenstein, fraudulent medium) was stated in court, as reported in Todds News, to be at 15 Gerald Steet, a quiet side-street off the Charing Cross Road. See Princess Popoffski and Daisy Quantock.   
     
Giaconda ~ the Italian Ambassadress. Attended the first night of Cortese's opera "Lucretia" in London and Olga Bracely's party afterwards. A member of the social circle into which Lucia propelled herself during her London season.    
     
Giardino segreto, secret garden ~ the secret garden at Mallards was bounded by hedging and accessed by an archway. It was only overlooked from the very top of the tower of the nearby Norman church. It boasted a little paved walk round it, flower beds, a pocket handkerchief of a lawn and, in the middle, a pillar with a bust of good Queen Anne, picked up by Miss Mapp in a shop in Tilling for a song.       
    
The giardino segreto was famously the location of Lucia's callisthenics in her bathing suit whilst feigning influenza during the visit to Tilling of Amelia, Contessa di Faraglione. This was spied upon by Elizabeth Mapp from atop the church tower.  Lucia later used it to practice her skills at football, using a ball supplied to her by Tilling Football Club, of which she was President.  
      
Gielgud, John ~ when Lucia was planning her series of improving lectures to be given at Tilling's Literary Institute, she intended always to entertain the the lecturer and a few friends to a plain supper party afterwards when the discussion could be continued in the garden room. She intended to ask some distinguished expert on the subject to come down and stay the night after each lecture: the Bishop when the Padre lectured on Free-Will: Mr Gielgud when she spoke about Shakespearean technique. Sadly it appears Mr Gielgud was unable to accept the invitation.      
     
From the famous Terry acting dynasty, Sir Arthur John Gielgud (1904-2000) was the leading Shakespearean actor of his generation and an accomplished director and producer. His Hamlet broke box-office records on Broadway in 1936-7. He set a precedent in establishing a company of brilliant actors such as Redgrave, Ashcroft and Guinness to present classics ranging from Shakespeare to Chekhov and played a significant part in the shaping of future institutions such as the RSC and National Theatre. Perhaps his greatest of many accomplishments was his expressive delivery of Shakespearean verse, which Sir Alec Guinness called a silver trumpet muffled in silk. Had he been available, he may even have been able to demonstrate more insight upon the subject of Shakespearean technique than Lucia. See Desmond McCarthy, Noel Coward and Sir Henry Wood.

Girlie ~ name which Major Benjy was wont to call his new bride, Elizabeth, even in company. See Liz and Diane de Poictiers.     
    
Glazonov's "Bacchanal" ~ Lucia had been pondering the possibility of instituting The Royal Fish Express to supply fish from Tilling for the Royal Court in London to a sceptical Georgie. Eventually, she said, "But I've had a busy day: let us relax a little and make music in the garden room. I saw today in one of my old bound up volumes of duets, an arrangement for four hands of Glazonov's" Bacchanal". It looked rather attractive. We might run through it."     
    
Russian composer, teacher and conductor, Alexander Konstantinovich Glazonov or Glazunov (1865 - 1936) held leading posts in the conservatories in St Petersburg, Petrograd and Leningrad and left the Soviet Union in 1928, never to return. An early student was Dmitri Shostakovich. Glazonov's ballet "The Seasons" (1901) comprised four tableaux, each representing a season. Autumn begins with a rousing bacchanal, representing a drunken revel to celebrate the grape harvest. Whether Lucia would have considered such riotousness an entirely proper subject for performance by the Mayor-elect of Tilling, we shall never know.

Gnosticism ~  when Daisy Quantock first met Princess Popoffski, the Princess wore some very curious rings, with large engraved amethysts and torquoises in them. Mrs Quantock asked if those finger ornaments had any mystical signification.   They had:   one was Gnostic, one was Rosicrucian, and  the other was Cabalistic.  
   
"Gnosticism" derived from the Greek adjective  gnostikos: learned or intellectual, covers a set of beliefs and practices prevalent in creeds ranging from early Christianity and Hellenistic Judaism to Zoroastrianism and Neoplatanism. Some authorities hold that Irenaeus first described the school of Valentinus as "the heresy called Learned (or 'gnostic')."  According to some, the term "gnosticism" does not appear in ancient sources, but was coined by Henry More in a commentary on the "Book of Revelation," describing the heresy in Thyatira. Gnosticism apparently expresses a specific religious experience that does not normally lend itself to expression via philosophy or theology, but instead through myth; in fact, most Gnostic scriptures take the form of myths, whose truths differ from the dogmas of theology or philosophical statements. Gnostic or pseudo-gnostic ideas  influenced sundry esoteric European and North American mystical movements in the 19th and 20th centuries with the common teaching that the realisation of the intuitive knowledge of gnosis was the way of salvation of the soul from the material world. It seems to have impressed Princess Popoffski sufficiently to demostrate her affinity to gnosticism by way of one of her fistful of rings.  See Cabalistic  and Rosicrucian, Daisy Quantock  and Princess Popoffski.

Goethe ~ when discussing practical arrangements for their life together after marriage, Georgie and Lucia agreed they each required some private time alone each day to pursue their own interests. Lucia remarked, "A period of solitude every day is necessary for me. Is it not Goethe who says that we ripen in solitude?"     On another occasion, whilst complaining about London, Lucia remarks, "it is only in loneliness, as Goethe says, that perceptions put forth their flowers"    
   
Although the precise translation has escaped me, I have noted the following apercu in the same vein by Goethe, which must be something like what Lucia had in mind: "A creation of importance can only be produced when its author isolates himself. It is a child of solitude."

Considered one of the most important thinkers in Western culture, the German writer and polymath, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749 - 1832) produced work in poetry, literature, theology, philosophy and science. Dramatic works include his magnum opus, "Faust."

Golden Hind ~ central location placed in part upon the ducking pond on the village Green in Riseholme for the knighting of Sir Francis Drake in the May Day Elizabethan Pageant. Unfortunately the ship caught fire during the spit roasting of a sheep on deck and collapsed into the pond in the ensuing conflagration.  See ducking pond. 
  
Gold Standard  ~ when Lucia invested  in shares in the West African gold mine, Siriami, many in Tilling followed her lead. Much discussion followed when Lucia announced that she was considering the sale of  her holding. Lucia showed off rather about having made a trunk call to her broker Mammoncash to to "put my view of the situation about gold before him. He agreed with me that the price of gold was very high already, and that if, as I suggested,  America might come off the gold standard - however that is a very complicated problem...."     

Lucia decided to come out of Siriami and buy into Burma Corporation, whilst the Mapp-Flints stubbornly bought further Siriami shares, with costly and far-reaching results.

Under the Gold Standard countries fixed the price of their currencies in terms of a specified amount of gold. The gold standard broke down during World War I and was briefly reinstated from1925 to 1931 as the Gold Exchange Standard under which countries could hold gold, dollars or pounds as reserves, except for the US and UK which held reserves only in gold. This broke down in 1931 following Britain's departure from gold in the face of major outflows of gold and capital. 
 
Golf ~ in Riseholme golf was introduced by Daisy Quantock who began with clock golf and putting and progressed to golf over at least nine holes. As so often happened her lead was followed by her neighbours including the vicar and his wife, the curate, Colonel Boucher, Georgie, Mrs Antrobus (who discarded her ear trumpet for these athletics and could never hear you call "Fore") and Piggy and Goosie. Often Mrs Boucher was wheeled down in her bath chair and applauded the beautiful puts made on the last green.  
   
Georgie Pillson's sisters, Hermione and Ursula were both keen and competitive golfers, playing in  both the morning and afternoon whilst in Riseholme.  
   
Daisy started instruction classes on golf in her garden open to all, including Lucia. Lucia surreptitiously took further private golf lessons and arranged to be co-opted with Georgie onto the Committee of the local golf club, with herself as President. She was soon a much better player than Daisy whose short reign as Queen of Golf came to an end: the natural order of things was thus restored. In her heart Lucia utterly despised golf. When she realised it would be politic to learn the game, she thought "I shall have to take to golf. What a bore! Such a foolish game." However, she planned to use her mastery of golf as the stunt she could use to restore her hold on Riseholme - and so it proved.

In Tilling, golf was mainly the preserve of the menfolk - apart from Georgie. Major Flint played on most mornings with his friend Captain Puffin, usually catching the steam tram to the links. Their rounds were always for a wager and invariably argumentative; they were sadly missed by Major Flint following the tragic drowning of his old friend in a bowl of oxtail soup.  
     
When she was disappointed in the cowardice, she considered had been demonstrated by both Major Flint and Captain Puffin in running away from their impending duel to catch the early train, Elizabeth Mapp remarked scornfully, "They fled from each other, and came back together and played golf. I never thought it was a game for men."   
   
After the death of Captain puffin, Major Flint played regularly with the Padre and even attempted to teach his soon-to-be-wife, Elizabeth Mapp, though her grasp of the game was as tenuous as her grip upon what she persisted in calling the golf sticks.     
 
Goths and Vandals ~ Tilling resident and artist, Quaint Irene Coles, met Lucia in the street and complained, "Lucia, beloved one. It's too cruel! That lousy Town Surveying Department refuses to sanction my fresco design of Venus rising from the sea..Goths and Vandals and Mrs Grundys to a man and woman!"      
   
The modern usage of "vandal" as someone who engages in senseless destruction stems from the East Germanic tribe, the Vandals sacking of Rome in AD 455 under Genseric: John Dryden wrote "Till Goths and Vandals, a rude northern race , Did all the matchless Monuments deface."       
       
The Ostrogoth King and Visigoth Regent, Theoderic was allied by marriage with the Vandals as well as the Bergundians and Franks. Although they weer probably no more destructive than other invaders of the times ,the Goths and Vandals had a particularly bad press from those who idealized Rome and its culture. See Mrs Grundy.        
    
Gramophone ~ all Riseholme knew Lucia's frequently voiced opinion about gramophones: to the lover of Beethoven they were like indecent or profane language loudly used in a public place. Before the advent of Olga Bracely, so far as was known, only one such hellish instrument had ever come to Riseholme, introduced by a misguided Robert Quantock. Lucia's look of agony when he turned it on ensured that he had to stop it immediately. Failing to notice Lucia's protracted wincing, Olga Bracely blithely made her large gramophone central to her popular evening romps at Old Place and made fullest and loudest use if it for dancing and energetic games, such as musical chairs.

Greatorex, Eric ~ famous pianist, renowned interpreter of the works of Stravinsky. Whilst weekending at the country home of Adele Brixton, came upon Lucia in the music room at the piano. After treating the virtuoso to her rendition of the slow movement of the Moonlight Sonata, Lucia offered and delivered a little morsel of Stravinski.        
      
Also witnessed by Adele Brixton, this was a longish morsel, too: more like a meal than a morsel , and it was also remarkably like a muddle. It ended in a final optimistic attempt at the double chromatic scale in divergent directions. Eventually, after sharing her views upon Stravinski with his greatest interpreter, including a diversion upon the manner in which the Post-Cubists represented the Stravinski school, it dawned upon Lucia that her male listener was Mr Greatorex whom she then persuaded to sit down instantly and magically restore to life what I have just murdered.       
       
Later that night Lucia commented to Adele, Marcia and Aggie, that "when Eric Greatorex -so charming of him - played those delicious pieces of Stravinski to me before dinner, I felt I was stepping over some sort of frontier into Stravinski. Eric made out my passport. A multiplication of experience: I think that is what I mean."      
          
None of those present could have said with any precision what Lucia meant, but the general drift seemed to be that "an hour with a burglar or cannibal was valuable for the amplification of the soul." See Dalrymple, Diva
 
Grebe ~ attractive white house with character and dignity skirting the low-lying marsh land between Tilling and the sea. It had a nice garden sheltered from the north wind by the cliff behind which had once been the coast-line before the marshes were drained and reclaimed. Although down on the level it boasted a divine, broad and tranquil view.

Quaint Irene's temporary summer-let cottage adjoined its garden. Irene offered to paint and decorate Grebe with her own hands and recommended as a scheme for the music room a black ceiling and four walls of different colours, vermilion, emerald green, ultramarine and yellow. She proposed the use of costly lapis lazuli for the ultramarine wall, but assured Lucia that the result would be unique and marvellously stimulating to the eye, especially if she would add a magenta carpet and nickel-plated fireplace. This scheme and other proposals, including egg- shaped and triangular windows and a front door that, instead of opening sideways, let down like a portcullis, were tactfully rejected by Lucia.

It was close to a road which did not lead anywhere in particular, but was not overlooked, for a thick hedge of hornbeam made a fine screen.

Its rooms were of good dimension with a hall and dining room on the ground floor, a broad staircase leading up to the first floor where there were two or three bedrooms and a long sitting room with four windows looking across the road to the meadows and the high bank bounding the river. Beyond lay the great empty levels of the marsh with the hill of Tilling rising out of it half a mile away to the west.

The kitchen and offices were in a wing by themselves. Here again there was character for the kitchen had been a coach house and still retained big double doors. It fronted a cinder path and beds of vegetables.

Originally owned and occupied by Lucia on moving to the area and subsequently by Major Benjamin and Mrs Mapp Flint, formerly of Mallards, in Tilling.

Grebe was prone to flooding on failure of the high sea defence banks immediately opposite and did so on more than one occasion. See Widow of a Baronet.

Greele, Miss ~ dressmaker in the High Street in Tilling, of whom Miss Mapp was a customer.      
      
Grellet, Stephen ~ French-born Quaker minister (1773 - 1855) who reputedly wrote " I expect to pass through this world but once. Any good thing, therefore, that I can do or kindness I can show any fellow human being let me do it now. Let me not defer of neglect it, for I shall not pass this way again." See Kingsley, Charles.

Grocer's wife ~ the wife of the grocer in Riseholme was selected to play Drake's wife in the Elizabethan Pageant. The role only required Mrs Drake (soon to be Lady Drake) to come forward for one moment, curtsy and disappear and the grocer's wife was rather slack at her attendance of rehearsals. The role was originally offered by Daisy Quantock to Lucia and disdainfully rejected. Ironically, it was ultimately ineptly played by Daisy herself whilst Lucia triumphed as Good Queen Bess.

Gros-point  ~  The sitting room of "Mallards Cottage" featured many tokens of the handiwork of Georgie Pillson.  There were dozens of his water colour sketches on the walls, the sofa was covered with a charming piece of gros-point from his nimble needle, and his new piece of petit-point, not yet finished, lay on one of the numerous little tables.      
     
Gros-point is a needlepoint stich covering two horizontal and two vertical threads and, by extension, a needlepoint embroidery, resembling tapestry, done with these larger stiches.  See Petit-point.

Grosvenor ~ Lucia's dependable servant in Riseholme and Tilling. See William and Mary. 

Groundsel  ~  "Miss Mapp was so impenetrably wrapped in thought as she worked among her sweet flowers that afternoon, that she merely stared at a 'love-in-a-mist,' which she had absently rooted up instead of a piece of groundsel, without any bleeding of the heart for one of her sweet flowers."

When cross, Miss Mapp sometimes vented her irritation upon this unfortunate weed and "eradicated groundsel, each plant as she tore it up and flung it into her basket might have been Mr and Mrs Wyse. It was very annoying that they had stuck their hooks (so the process had represented itself to her vigorous imagery) into Lucia, for Miss Mapp had intended to have no-one's hooks in her than her own.     

Groundsel is generally regarded as a common, yellow-flowered composite weed of waste ground, in the genus Senecio, especially the species Senecio vulgaris, common groundsel. Other species of groundsel  include:  Welsh, York radiate, eastern, heath and sticky.     
   
When "Grebe" was let by Elizabeth Mapp-Flint to the eccentric Widow of a Baronet she fed groundsel and rape seed in prodigious quantites to her large collection of caged birds.      
    
Grundy, Mrs or Grundy's ~ Tilling artist, Quaint Irene Coles approached Lucia in the street: "Lucia, beloved one. It's too cruel! That lousy Town surveying Department refuses to sanction my fresco-design of Venus rising from the sea...Goths and Vandals and Mrs Grundys to a man and woman!"     
   
Later, when Quaint Irene had Victorianised the design, using the figure of Elizabeth Mapp-Flint as shown in the photograph that appeared in the "Hampshire Argus", the artist remarked, "I've a good mind to send it to the Royal Academy instead of making a fresco of it. Just to punish the lousy Grundy's of Tilling" - which is exactly what she did.     
         
Mrs Grundy was a character in Thomas Morton's play "Speed the Plough" (1789) as the personification of the tyranny of conventional propriety -and thus the antithesis of Quaint Irene's bohemian ideal. Grundyism became eponymous with priggishness or extreme conventionality. See Goths and Vandals.

Guardian Angel ~ Miss Mapp kept a very close eye on the nocturnal activities of her near neighbours Major Benjy and Captain Puffin. Their lights burning late into the night were eventually discovered not to signify long scholarly poring over old diaries or maps of Roman roads but the consumption of considerable volumes of whisky by the fireside. After several glasses her neighbours were wont to refer not to their Guardian Angel but Old Mappy. See Old Mappy  
   
Guides  ~  when the Guru was first staying at the home of Daisy Quantock in Riseholme, his hostess inquired "Guru, dear, are you coming down to see us?"
   
The Guru replied "Beloved lady, no. It is laid upon mew to wait here. It is the time of calm and prayer, when it is good to be alone. I will come down when the Guides bid me."

When Georgie Pillson innocently inquired "if the Guides were Indians too", Daisy explained "those are his spiritual guides. He sees them and talks to them, but they are not in the body."

In reality, the Guru was probably continuing to imbibe the brandy he had procured from Rush's the grocers on Mrs Quantock's account or simply wished to avoid being seen by someone who might recognise him as a bibulous curry cook from London. 

Care should also be taken not to confuse the Guru's Guides with the Girl Guides, in whose welfare Lucia took particular interest when she later became the Mayor of Tilling.   
    
Guru ~ Indian teacher of yoga who came to stay with Daisy Quantock in Riseholme and latterly with Lucia at the Hurst who ran him as her August stunt.

The Guru sported a tropical complexion, black beard, saffron-yellow robe, violently green girdle, chocolate-coloured stockings, short pink socks and red slippers. He ran classes which popularised yoga in Riseholme.

The Guru declined to give his name, indicating that his religion forbade this. He was initially understood to be a Brahmin of the highest caste and extraordinary sanctity from Benares but actually originated in Madras. He returned to his room to avoid meeting Lady Ambermere at Lucia's garden party since Lord and Lady Ambermere had governed there and he was frightened that she might recognise him. He only reappeared at the party when Lady Ambermere and her people had left.

The Guru was subsequently found to be a hard-drinking curry cook and burglar. He disappeared from Riseholme after being recognised by Hermy and Ursy Pillson as the brilliant but bibulous cook from the Calcutta Restaurant in Bedford Street where they often lunched. He left behind many empty brandy bottles and having stolen valuable items from the homes of Lucia, Georgie Pillson and Daisy Quantock. To save face over their gullibility, no mention was subsequently made of the Guru's failings.    
     
In retrospect, many clues were evident much earlier as to the true personality and interests of the Guru,  from the brandy ordered from Mr Rush to the regular sounds of drink-induced snoring rather than meditation emanating from his room, the extreme eagerness to help out the pretty parlour maid in her duties and the silk pajamas belonging to her husband which the Guru thought Daisy Quantock had given him and which Robert Quantock didn't think so at all.

As mentioned above, the Guru's  flight to conceal himself in "Hamlet" during Lucia's garden party to avoid Lady Ambermere showed plainly that he had something to hide: it would never do to appear as a high caste Brahmin from Benares before anyone who knew India and it's races at all, for he might not correspond with her recollections of such gentlemen.  This evidence, in addition to the Guru's skill in producing a delicious curry from hardly any ingredients, always seemed to point more towards the drunken curry cook than spiritual guide. 

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