Tuesday, 18 March 2008

R ~ is for Riseholme


Raleigh, Walter  ~  in Riseholme's Elizabethan  pageant, which Lucia had planned for August, Lucia would impersonate the  Queen, Pepino following her as Raleigh and Georgie would be  Francis Drake. But at an early stage of these incubations Pepino had died. Lucia had involved herself in inextricable widowhood and the reins of government had fallen into Daisy Quantock's podgy little hands.  
    
The figure which Pepino tragically was prevented from playing was the polymath aristocrat, writer, poet, soldier, courtier, spy, explorer and famed importer of tobacco and gallant cloak-thrower, Sir Walter Raleigh (1554-1618.)  He was imprisoned in the Tower of London in 1591 for his secret marriage to Elizabeth Throckmorton, lady in waiting to the Queen, without  royal permission. He was again imprisoned there in 1603  for his involvement in the Main Plot against James I . After his return to England following his unsuccessful second expedition in search of El Dorado and the sacking of a Spanish outpost, he was arrested and executed  in 1618.    See Philip Lucas.

"Rape of the Lock"  ~ See Pope's "Rape of the Lock."

Raphael's Sybils ~ after Lucia's triumphant use of Mrs Brocklebank's letter to demonstrate her fluency in la bella lingua, Elizabeth Mapp continued to argue the point. Elizabeth rose and pointed at Diva like one of Raphael's Sybils saying "Diva to this day, I don't believe she can talk Italian. It was a conjuring trick, and I'm no conjurer but a plain woman and I can't tell you how it was done. But I will swear it was a trick!"

The Sybils or Sybils receiving instructions from Angels is a painting by the Italian artist Raphael (1483- 1520). Painted in 1514 it was commissioned by the papal banker Agostino Chigi to decorate the interior of Santa Maria della Pace in Rome.  

Raschia ~ an ancient Egyptian priestess who employed Daisy Quantock's psychic medium Princess Popoffski for automatic writing.   
  
Recondite  ~ the day after Major Flint and Captain Puffin's unfortunate drunken contre-temps with Miss Mapp in the street in the late night fog, the gentlemen had pondered a good deal during the day over their strange reception in the High Street that morning and the recondite allusions to bags, sand dunes and early trains.   

This arose since, although Miss Mapp did not publicly accuse them of un-chivalrous and drunken debauchery (to avoid herself being falsely accused of  drunkenness), she had taken the opportunity to broadcast her reasoned explanation as to how they had both run away from the duel and sought to escape with luggage on the same early train. They had returned for an amicable game of golf and never intended to duel amidst the dunes by the links.

"Recondite" in this context means hidden or obscure. Their many  friends had clearly been alluding to their cowardly conduct in a sarcastic and roundabout way only to be expected in Tilling.
      
Red Queen from "Alice in Wonderland,"  The  ~  "Lucia and her guests, with the exception of Sophy Alingsby who continued to play primitive tunes with one finger on the piano, went for a stroll on the Green before lunch. Mrs Quantock hurried by with averted  face,and naturally everybody wanted to know who the Red Queen from Alice in wonderland was. Lucia amused them by a bright version of poor Daisy's ouija-board and the story of the mulberry tree."    
     
Based upon the playing card, the Red Queen is a fictional character in "Through the looking Glass" by Lewis Carroll. Irrascible if thwarted, the Red Queen is merciless to enemies and treats animals cavalierly, as when playing croquet with a flamingo mallet and hedgehog ball.

A different but equally ill-tempered queen - apt to cry "Off with their heads" -  is another playing card, the Queen of Hearts from "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland."    
       
The Red Queen and Queen of Hearts are often confused but Carroll distinguished between them, saying :"I pictured to myself the Queen of Hearts as a sort of embodiment of ungovernable passion - a blind and aimless Fury.   The Red Queen I pictured as a Fury, but of another type; her passion must be cold and calm - she must be formal and strict, yet not unkindly; pedantic to the tenth degree, the concentrated essence of all governesses!"  See Infelicities.        
       
 Redcurrant fool ~ thirst-quenching, iced redcurrant fool was much enjoyed at bridge parties and afternoon teas in Tilling, such as those held by Mrs Poppit and Miss Mapp. Typically proprietorial, Miss Mapp claimed she had inherited the recipe for the delicious decoction from her grandmother and that the secret of its deliciousness lay in the addition of yolk of egg and cream.

First mention was made of the beverage by Lucia when she recalled the visit by Elizabeth Mapp to Riseholme during the summer when Georgie had invented saying "Au reservoir" rather than "Au revoir."   

Miss Mapp had attended Lucia's garden party and stopped quite to the end, eating quantities of redcurrant fool and saying she had inherited the recipe from her grandmother which she would send to Lucia. She did too and Lucia's cook said it was rubbish.
 
On the day of Susan Poppit's investiture by the King as Member of the Order of the British Empire, the redcurrant fool served at an afternoon bridge tea at Starling Cottage was particularly refreshing and enlivened proceedings no end. When Miss Mapp enquired if it perhaps contained a teeny drop of champagne, the butler Boon confirmed - a bottle and a half of champagne and half a bottle of old brandy.

On her return from Buckingham Palace, Mrs Poppit agreed: Boon has made it very tolerably today. A Scotch recipe of my great grandmother's. see Food

Relaxed throat ~ when repairs were being undertaken to Elizabeth Mapp-Flint's considerable denture, she blamed her inability to open her mouth or scarcely open her lips upon an invented "relaxed throat" and must breathe only through her nose. 

Religion ~ Lucia believed in God in much the same way as she believed in Australia, for she had no doubts as to the existence of either. Lucia went to church on Sunday in much the same spirit as she would look at a kangaroo in the Zoological Gardens, for kangaroos came from Australia.       
       
Rembrandt ~ towards the end of Georgie's summer's lease of "Mallards Cottage", Quaint Irene Coles had planted her easel in the middle of the pavement and was painting a row of flayed carcases that hung in the butcher's shop. Benson remarks "Rembrandt had better look out."

It (very nearly) goes without saying, that this reference was to Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (1606-1669) the Dutch painter and etcher of the Dutch Golden Age. The reference may just have been prompted by the memory of one of Rembrandt's most famous group studies (the rather un-gory when compared to, say, some of the work of Francis Bacon) Anatomy Lesson of Dr Nicolaes Tulp (1632), rather than just the artist's renown as perhaps the definitive Old Master.   
  
Reynolds, Sir Joshua ~ it was widely understood that the culture of Riseholme, led by Mrs Emmeline Lucas, rejected as valueless all artistic efforts later than the death of Sir Joshua Reynolds, and a great deal of what went before
 
One of the founders and first President of the Royal Academy, Sir Joshua Reynolds RA, FRS, FRSA (1723-1792) was an painter specialising in portraits, knighted by George III in 1769. A renowned aesthetician, through his art and teaching, he attempted to lead British painting away from the indigenous anecdotal form to the formal rhetoric of the continental Grand Style. See Royal Academy.  
   
Rhine-maiden  ~  Georgie (happy innocent!) was completely unaware that the whole of Riseholme knew that the smooth chestnut locks which covered the top of his head were trained like tendrils of a grape vine from their roots, and flowed like a river over a bare bed, and consequently when Mr Holroyd explained the proposed innovation, a little central wig, the edges of which would mingle in a most natural manner with his own hair, it seemed to Georgie that nobody would know the difference. In addition  he would be spared those risky moments when he had to take his hat off to a friend in a high wind,  for there was always the danger of his hair blowing away from the top of his head, and hanging down, like the tresses of a Rhine-maiden, over one shoulder.   
   
The Rhinemaidens - Woglinde, Wellgunde and Flosshilde - are the water nymphs (Rhinetochter/Rhine daughters) in Der Ring  des Nibelungen, the opera cycle by Richard Wagner. Created by Wagner from legends and myths, such as the Nibelungenlied, the Rhinemaidens appear in the opening scene of Das Rheingold and in the final climax of Gotterdammerung, where they rise from the Rhine and reclaim the ring from the ashes of Brunnhilde. We do not know which particular Rhinemaiden's tresses those of Georgie most resembled.  See Mr Holroyd,  Busy Indoors, Wagner, Brunnhilde.       
     
Riband development  ~  when Lucia became Mayor she was concerned to demonstrate repeatedy that she was preoccupied with many technical matters ranging from town planning to slums and sanitation. She remarked to Georgie "Those riband developments. They form one of the greatest problems I have to tackle"
  
Well-meaning Georgie inquired if Lucia meant "things in hats" and Lucia patronisingly explained, " Stupid of me not to explain dear. How could you know? Building developments : dreadful hideous dwellings along the sweet country roads leading into Tilling. Red-brick villas instead of hedges of hawthorn and eglantine. It seems such a desecration"  
    
In the 1920s and 1930s the building of houses along routes of communication radiating from a city, town or village generated great concern . This kind of development was known as ribbon development rather than riband development as mentioned by Lucia. We do not know if this was an error in transcription not uncommon in Fred's writing or a joke at Lucia's expense to indicate the shallowness of her knowledge, even as Mayor.  We know from Reports from the"Sussex Express" when Fred was Mayor of Rye that ribbon developmmnent was discussed by the Council -  as when protests were voiced over a recommendation to develop land fronting to New Winchelsea  Road  in July 1935.  Also set out in Infelicities 
   
Rice, Mr ~ the poulterer in Tilling.

Richborough  ~  after her acquisition of "Mallards House," Lucia commenced extensive excavations in the garden hoping to uncover Roman remains.  The soil was rich in relics; it abounded in pieces of pottery of the same type as those she decided were Roman, and there were many pretty fragments of iridescent oxydized glass, and a few bones which she hoped might turn out to be those of red deer which at the time of the Roman occupation were common in Kent and Sussex. Lucia remarked to Georgie, "Tomorrow I expect my trench to get down to floor level. There may be a tessellated pavement like that found at Richborough...."    

Evocatively set amidst the east Kent marshes, close to the Isle of Thanet to the north of Sandwich, is the settlement of Richborough (Rutupiae). Now some two miles from the sea, Richborough stood at at the southern end of the Wantsum Channel, which is now silted up.  It is recognised as the landing place of the Claudian Invasion in AD43, comprising four legions under Aulus Plautius. This was demonstrated by the discovery there in 2008 of the remains of a Roman beachhead, defending 700 metres of coast.  It was recognised as the Gateway to Britain, long before Dover. A Roman fort was built on the site of this first landing to which walls were added in AD287 with an 80 foot arch.  It became an increasingly large civilian settlement with temples, an amphitheatre and mansio. Extensive excavations have brought to light foundations of many Roman buildings and objects of antiquity and thus Lucia's observations regarding Richborough were well-founded, if not those regarding the archaeological significance of her garden of "Mallards House."  See tessellated pavement.    
     
Riffel Alp ~ resort in Switzerland in which Miss Mapp holidayed. She had enjoyed her stay and had many interesting conversations including long talks to a bishop about the revised Prayer Book, to a Russian exile about Bolshevism and to a member of the Alpine Club about Everest.    
   
In the summer of 1890, just as he was working upon the fearsomely difficult and abstruse Lincoln Judgement, Fred's father Edward, by then Archbishop of Canterbury, took the whole family to a tiny hotel on the Rieder Alp in Switzerland. It was so small that the Bensons and Professor Seely filled it completely. Whilst his father worked upon his papers, the athletic Fred climbed the Matterhorn.  His biographer, Masters remarks,  "There was something hearty about the young E.F.Benson which now seems to sit oddly with the creator of Lucia and Miss Mapp, but Fred's generation saw no conflict between physical prowess  and poetic flights of fancy."   
   
Riseholme ~ pretty Elizabethan village in Worcestershire - although reference is sometimes confusingly made to Warwickshire. It was a four hour train journey from London. Many half-timbered houses, a ducking-pond and village green with stocks. For a short time Riseholme boasted a museum. Home of Philip and Emmeline Lucas in The Hurst and of many friends and neighbours, including Georgie Pillson.  
   
When about to tell Georgie of her intention to buy a house on the Green, opera diva Olga Bracely remarked of Riseholme, "It's not a question of liking: it's a  mere detail of not being able to do without  it. I don't like breathing, but I should die if I didn't. I want some delicious , hole-in-the-corner, lazy backwater sort of place, where nothing ever happens, and nobody ever does anything."

Sadly in some ways, Riseholme faded in Lucia's affections, perhaps understandably after the death of her husband, Pepino.  Riseholme, once so vivid and significant, had during these weeks at Tilling been fading like an ancient photograph exposed to the sun, and all its features, foregrounds and backgrounds. It no longer had anything to occupy Lucia's energies, or call out her unique powers of self- assertion. She had so swept the board with her management of the Elizabethan fete that no further progress was possible.      
      
Riseholme is generally considered to have been based upon Broadway in the Cotswolds.  In his "Life of E.F.Benson" Brian Masters mentions that the Bensons made regular visits to Riseholme, where Bishop Wordsworth and his family lived. Here one could walk among mysterious dark woods , and hope never to be found, one could catch frogs and snakes, one could dart and run and taste freedom as nowhere else.  Fred and his sister Maggie would have long outings together at Riseholme, delighting in nature and her varied population. He wrote "At Riseholme we went on a cow's back and took a rabbit up in our arms.  I saw the funniest thing, it was a goose turing somersaults in the water...."

Riseholme Golf Club ~ small golf club with a little shed of a club-house recently started by the tradesmen and townspeople of Riseholme and the neighbouring little town of Blitton. Mr Stratton, the landlord of the Ambermere Arms, invited Lucia and Georgie to join its golf-committee and Lucia to be President of the Club. Upon taking office, Lucia donated the President's Cup for the members' competition and Pepino gave the Lucas Cup for foursomes.     
   
Riseholme instinct  ~ at the dinner at the home of Georgie Pillson on Christmas Night, engineered by Olga Bracely (but not attended by her, other than after dinner incognita as a choirboy), much was taking place. As well as guiding the general rapprochement between Lucia and her neighbours, Georgie found time as a busy host to note various curious unspoken exchanges between Daisy and Robert Quantock.   
     
Both Daisy and Robert understood that the psychic medium, Princess Popoffski was a fraud, but not aware that the other also  knew. Each had each taken action to destroy evidence, as when Daisy had burned the false moustache and muslin used in the deceit and Robert had bought all copies of "Todds News" carrying the story of the successful prosecution and fining of the Princess and her accomplice and had even stolen Colonel Boucher's "Daily Mirror," which also carried the court report.

The Quantock's strange reactions whenever spiritualism or the Princess cropped up in conversation showed Georgie that something was amiss, but he had insufficient information to work out what had happened. "Georgie was utterly mystified: his Riseholme instinct told him there was something below all this, but his Riseholme instinct could not supply the faintest clue as to what it was." 
   
In Riseholme and later in Tilling, the powers of Inductive Reasoning and the ability to piece together a story from minimal data but with rigorous logic and a creative imagination was very well-developed. The Rieholme instinct can be regarded as the inspired and ordered application of  very advanced powers of Inductive Reasoning, supplemented with what might be called "conjectural flair."   See Inductive reasoning.   
    
Riseholme Literary Society ~ group formed in the village of Riseholme for the mutual appreciation of the written word of which leading lights were Philip and Emmeline Lucas.  Papers presented to the society included Lucia's memorable essay, called "Humour in Furniture" which alluded to many of the more amusing quaintnesses in and about her home, "The Hurst."  

Lucia had held out hopes to the Society that perhaps some day, when she was not so rushed, she would jot down material for a sequel to her essay, or write another covering a rather larger field on "Gambits of Conversation derived from Furniture."

It is unclear whether Peppino/Pepino was ever prevailed upon to treat the Society to a reading of any of his prose poems in the style of Walt Whitman, such as were collected together in slim volumes such as "Flotsam", "Jetsam" "Fugitive Lyrics"and " Pensieri Persi."

Riseholme Museum ~ museum founded by Daisy and Robert Quantock, Georgie Pillson and a small but select group of Riseholme residents - not including Lucia. The founders would share any profits in proportion to their initial subscriptions. The idea for the museum was understood to have originated via the planchette from Daisy Quantock's Egyptian spirit guide, Abfou. To prove his approbation, Abfou subsequently said several times, " Much pleased with your plans for the Museum. Abfou approves."

Established in Colonel Boucher's spacious tithe barn on the Green. It displayed miscellaneous curiosities, specimens and antiquities loaned or more usually fervently bestowed by residents. It was officially opened by Lady Ambermere.

Items included coins, bones, glass, Samian ware, the greater portion of a spinning wheel, an Elizabethan pestle and mortar, no end of roman tiles, a large wooden post unhesitatingly called a whipping post, some indecipherable documents on parchment with seals attached, maps, fossils, carved stones, quilts, a cradle moth-eaten enough to be Anglo-Saxon, queer-shaped bottles, a tiger-ware jug, fire irons too ponderous to use, and (by special vote of the Parish council) stocks which hitherto had stood at the edge of the pond on the Green. These exhibits were later joined by mittens reputedly once worn by Queen Charlotte loaned (not presented) by Lady Ambermere, who was also kind enough to open the Museum. Later, the Museum also housed the vicar's collection of 81 walking sticks (which included one indelicate one of a couple passionately embracing.)  At one memorable meeting, the Museum Committee was minded to decline Lucia's generous offer of her Elizabethan spit, but to accept diva Olga Bracely's gift of the original manuscript of Cortese's opera, "Lucretia," coupled with an invitation to join the Committee. The Committee subsequently  reversed its decision and accepted the spit.

In its first week one hundred and twenty six visitors passed though the turn style (bought from a bankrupt circus for a mere song) each paying a shilling and most also buying a sixpenny catalogue. There was an unfortunate incident when Lady Ambermere and her party were refused access without paying, but even members of the Committee paid to gain entrance.

Lady Ambermere was also furious when the Committee used Lucia as its messenger to decline her offer to exhibit in the Museum her recently deceased lapdog Pug, which had been stuffed and placed in a glass case.

After one busy season and many paying visitors, the Museum sadly burned down. This occurred when Daisy Quantock spilt paraffin when refilling the oil heaters used to keep the premises dry. Fortunately Robert Quantock, with commendable foresight, had arranged insurance for the building and its precious contents, which provided more than adequate cover in the event of fire. Although Mr Quantock received the largest share of the insurance proceeds in respect of contents, improper collusion with the person responsible for starting the conflagration was not suspected - or at least, not voiced. See Samian ware.

Riseholmer ~ term invented by Lucia - after Nietzsche's term Mediterranizer - to convey the process of again imbuing oneself with all the special qualities of life only Riseholme had to offer her, after a period away.

Ritz, The  ~  the day after the gala performance at Covent Garden  Opera House of  "Lucrezia," Georgie Pillson met Olga Bracely and Lucia for lunch at the Ritz, where they were belatedly  joined by Poppy, Duchess of Sheffield and the composer, librettist and conductor Signor Cortese.

Opened in May 1906 by Swiss hotelier, Cesar Ritz, the Ritz London is a five star hotel in Piccadily overlooking Green Park.  Built in the belle epoque in the neo-classical Louis XVI style, its architects Charles Mewes had also designed the Hotel Ritz in Paris. Ritz hired renowned chef Auguste Escoffier and, from the outset, the cuisine of the Ritz matched his stellar reputation.  The Pillsons appeared to enjoy their luncheon which included cold and very buttery asparagus.    
    
Robbia, della  ~ see della Robbia.     
    
Robert Quantock ~ see Quantock, Robert husband of Daisy Quantock. Neighbour of Lucia and Georgie

Rodomontade ~ when Miss Mapp had been complaining in typically overwrought terms about Lucia's imperious ways, offering to teach us bridge, Homer, callisthenics, take choir practices and arrange tableaux, Diva Plaistow naturally saw through Elizabeth's rodomontade about yokes and free countries. "Rodomontade" equates to vain or boastful bragging or bluster.

"Roguey-poguey-Romeo!"  ~  Quaint Irene Coles came upon Diva Plaistow discussing whether a putative visit to Dr Dobbie made it more conclusive "that Elizabeth's expecting..."   

Before Diva could continue, Irene could not resist leaping in to tease Georgie Pillson, "You don't say so! Who's the correspondent? Georgie, you're blushing below your beard. Roguey-poguey Romeo!  I saw you climbing up a rope ladder to the garden room when you were supposed to be ill. Juliet Mapp opened the window to you, and you locked her in a passionate embrace. I didn't want to get you into trouble, so I didn't say anything about it, and now you've gome and got her into trouble, you wicked old Romeo, hoots and begorra. I must be godmother, and now I'm off to tell Lucia...."  

As expected, Irene never became godmother and Elizabeth Mapp-Flint's the pregnancy turned out to be as imaginary as Quaint Irene's improbable and indeed misconceived fantasy of how it might have come about.  See Quaint Irene.

Roman roads ~ supposed nocturnal field of study of Captain Puffin. Puffin admitted to his friend Major Benjy that although there was a legend among the ladies locally that he was a student of local topography and Roman roads, the study he had done on such matters in the last six months wouldn't cover a three-penny piece. In reality, Puffin was enjoying a succession of nightcaps of an evening, sometimes in the garrulous company of his old friend and neighbour, Major Benjamin Flint

Romps ~ preferred activity of Olga Braceley at hilarious soirees consisting mainly of disturbingly informal entertainments, fun and games.   
     
"Roseate morn has passed away, The"  ~    Major Flint had been trying to answer direct questions from Elizabeth Mapp - otherwise known, to himself and his friend Captain Puffin, as the "Guardian Angel" - about how he spent his evenings "working on his diaries."  He had responded during the last month that he worked on his diaries three nights a week and went to bed early on the others. When asked about Sunday nights, he replied," I don't think you knew my beloved, my revered mother, Miss Elizabeth. I spend Sunday evenings as - Well, well.

The very next Sunday evening, the Guardian Angel had heard the sound of singing.  She could not catch the words, and only fragments of the tune, which reminded her of  "The roseate morn has passed away."   

Sadly, or perhaps anything but sadly, the singing on which the Guardian Angel eaves-dropped upon the Sabbath, was probably made by Major Flint and Captain Puffin carousing under the influence of the whisky they both enjoyed. As former servicemen, who had seen a great deal of shikarri in their respective times, their repertoire seems likely to have verged more upon the profane than the sacred.

The hymn, which The Guardian Angel thought she heard, may itself have been slightly misquoted, with "roseate" substituted for "radiant" actually written. The composition Miss Mapp had in mind seems likely to have been put into words by Geoffrey Thring in 1864, with music composed by Charles F. Gounod in 1872:

"The radiant morn hath passed away, 
and spent too soon her golden store;
the shadows of departing day
creep on once more."
    
Alternatively, Miss Mapp might have been thinking of a hymn written by Cecil F. Alexander in 1853, with music adapted and harmonised by William H. Monk in the 1868 appendix to Hymns Ancient and Modern  
    
"The roseate hues of early dawn, the brightness of the day,
The crimson of the sunset sky, how fast they fade away!
O for the pearly gates of Heav’n! O for the golden floor!
O for the Sun of Righteousness that setteth nevermore!"  
   
Similarly, if Miss Mapp actually did favour "roseate" over "radiant", she could have been thinking of William Cooke's translation in the Hymniary,1872, number 267, of words by Nicolas le Tourneaux in the revised Paris Breviary, 1736 (Aurora lucis dum novae) with music by Edward J Hopkins:

"Morn’s roseate hues have decked the sky; 
The Lord has risen with victory:
Let earth be glad, and raise the cry,
Alleluia!"  
   
It is difficult for a lay reader to determine this abstruse issue with any certainty and the only really strong likelihood is that Messrs Flint and Puffin did not actually sing sacred hymns during their convivial fireside evenings.     
    
Rose-madder worsted ~ ill feeling arose between Elizabeth Mapp and Diva Plaistow when the latter bought from Heynes's the wool shop a quantity of rose-madder worsted which the former had ordered and could not obtain any further supply. The bad feeling spilled over into a petty dispute over the trimming of day-wear with off-cut chintz roses and cornflowers and ultimately their infamous rivalry over their identical kingfisher blue tea gowns.

Roses, Wars of the  ~  See Wars of the Roses.   
   
Rossetti, Miss  ~  Diva Plaistow had been vexed with Elizabeth Mapp over various issues, including being teased over coal and food hoarding and the application of cut-out chintz roses to garments. It was fortuitous that, after Diva had undone the latch, Susan Poppit had accidentally unleashed an avalanche of hoarded foodstuffs from the faux book-case cupboard in the Garden Room at "Mallards" during a bridge party, hosted by Miss Mapp. "Diva crammed the last jumble into her mouth and disposed of it with the utmost rapidity. The birthday of her life had come, as Miss Rossetti had said."    
   
This reference is to the poem "A Birthday" by English romantic, devotional and children's poet Christina Georgina Rossetti (1830 -1894) who was described by critic, Basil de Selincourt as "all but our greatest woman poet...probably in the first twelve of the masters of English verse."     
   
My heart is like a singing bird
Whose nest is in a water'd shoot;
My heart is like an apple-tree
Whose boughs are bent with thickset fruit;
My heart is like a rainbow shell
That paddles in a halcyon sea;
My heart is gladder than all these
Because my love is come to me.
Raise me a dais of silk and down;
Hang it with vair and purple dyes;
Carve it in doves and pomegranates,
And peacocks with a hundred eyes;
Work it in gold and silver grapes,
In leaves and silver fleurs-de-lys;
Because the birthday of my life
Is come, my love is come to me.  
   
Rosicrucian ~  when Daisy Quantock met Princess Popoffski at Tsarkoe Selo, a vegetarian restaurant in London, the Princess wore some very curious rings, with large engraved amethysts and turquoises in them. Mrs Quantock asked if those finger ornaments had any mystical signification. They had: one was Gnostic, one was Rosicrucian, and the other was Cabalistic.    
      
Rosicrucian is perhaps slightly less opaque to the sheltered reader of comic novels of the inter-war years than Gnostic or Cabalistic. It relates to a philosophical secret society, reputedly founded in late medieval Germany by Christian Rosenkreuz, which propounded a doctrine built on esoteric truths of the ancient past concealed from the average man, which provide insight into nature, the physical universe and spiritual realm.     
      
What has been called the Rosicrucian Enlightenment occurred with the publication of Fama Fraternitatis RC (1607)  and Confessio Fraternitatis (1616).   Rosicrucianism is mostly associated with Protestantism, especially Lutheranism and also Freemasonry,  rather than with Roman Catholicism,  and later in the development of the doctrines of many esoteric societies, not to mention esoteric individuals such as Princess Popoffski. It is symbolized by a Rosy Cross, but it is not vouchsafed to the reader if  the Princess sported one in addition to her curious fistful of mystical fingerwear. See Gnostic, Cabalistic, Madame Blavatski and Princess Popoffski.

Roumanian Oils ~ stock in which Robert Quantock successfully invested and which were the main source of his fortunes.

Rousseau  ~  at an infamous luncheon party for intimes at 25 Brompton Square, Lucia had taken a pre-arranged telephone call from Pepino and had calculatedly pretended to her on-looking guests that her unknown caller was of royal status by theatrically giving a curtsy to the receiver and distinctly using terms such as "Your Highness" and "Ma'am."

After this little drama, Lucia instantly resumed her conversation where she had left off, discussing the opening of Herbert Alton's show in a fortnight and how they would "laugh at each others caricatures." She went  on to remark, "What is it that Rousseau - is it Rousseau? - says about our not being wholly grieved at the misfortunes of our friends? So true!"

Lucia cited perhaps the most influential thinker of the Enlightenment, Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) whose political philosophy and works such as  "Discourse on the Origins of Inequality" and "On the Social Contract" had a profound effect on the French Revolution and the development of modern political, sociological and educational thought.  The line quoted appears to originate in his autobiographical "Confessions." Though Rousseau's apercu is admirably apt, I also hold to Gore Vidal's remark in similar vein in 1973 or so,  "Whenever a friend succeeds, a little something in me dies."   See Apophthegms and Herbert Alton.  
  
Royal Academy ~ pondering why after a trip to London,  Lucia had not returned to her home in Riseholme on the fly from the railway station with her maid, Georgie Pillson guessed that she might have been distracted by a visit to the National Gallery or British Museum. He felt certainly she would not be at the Royal Academy, for the culture of Riseholme, led by herself rejected as valueless all artistic efforts later than the death of Sir Joshua Reynolds, and a great deal that went before.

The Royal Academy of Arts is an art institution in Burlington House on Piccadilly, London founded in December 1768 by King George III to promote the art of design in Britain through education and exhibition. The painter Sir Joshua Reynolds was made its first President. Uniquely, the Academy is an independent, privately funded institution, led by eminent artsits and architects whose purpose is to promote the creation, enjoyment and appreciation of the visual arts through exhibitions, education and debate. It is famed for its annual Summer Exhibition, which would one day feature Quaint Irene Coles satirical portrait of Mr and Mrs Mapp-Flint. See Burlington House, Picture of the Year, Quaint Irene Coles.

Royal Fish Train ~ As Mayor of Tilling, Lucia lobbied assiduously for the establishment of a daily service to London to supply fish from Tilling to The King and Queen as she believed took place in Elizabethan times, but failed to convince the Directors of the Southern Railway that the Royal Fish Train was a practicable scheme.

They concluded " Should Their Majesties express their royal wish to be supplied with fish from Tilling, the Directors would see that the delivery was made with all expedition, but in their opinion the ordinary resources of the line will suffice to meet Their requirements, of which at present no intimation has been received".

Lucia considered that this failure to think municipally and to bring an Elizabethan custom up to date revealed a sad want of enterprise. 

Royal Hotel, Brinton ~ hotel in Brinton which neighboured Riseholme at which Princess Poppofski, the medium, intended to stay to enjoy the bracing air, before visiting Daisy Quantock and holding several seances in her home. 

Also notorious in musical circles as the principal venue of the Brinton String Quartet which played - apparently very poorly - in the lounge after dinner. Memorably, Lucia once made a very public gaffe in mistaking the world-famous Spanish Quartet playing for Olga Bracely at Old Place for the Brinton String Quartet, much to the amusement of Mrs Weston and others present and her own huge embarrassment.    
    
Royal Zoological Society, The  ~   Major Benjy's lecture at the Literary Institute in Tilling reached a climax when he took up from his desk a cane riding whip with a silver top and with it gave the head of a tiger skin a terrific whack. The whip which he  asserted "is what saved my life" was passed around the audience for examination.

The lecture ended to loud applause and mystified by the reappearance of the lost riding crop, Lucia whispered to Diva Plaistow, "Come to lunch tomorrow. Just us three. I am utterly puzzled...Ah Major Benjy, marvellous! What a treat!I have never been so thrilled. Dear Elizabeth, how proud you must be of him. He ought to have that lecture printed. Not a word, not a syllable altered, and read it to the Royal Zoological Society. They would make him a member at once."   
   
It is not entirely clear to what Royal Zoological Society Lucia was referring. Founded by Sir Stamford Raffles in 1826, The Zoological Society of London is incorporated by Royal Charter and is devoted to the worldwide conservation of animals and their habitats as well as operating London Zoo and Whipsnade. London Zoo was the world's first scientific zoo and was granted its Royal Charter by George IV. Charles Darwin became a Fellow of the Zoological Society of London in 1837. Whipsnade Wild Animal Park received its first animals in 1928 and opened as the worlds first open zoological park in 1931. It seems that the Zoological Society of London may have been the body to which Lucia was referring,  unless she meant the Royal Zoological Society of Scotland, established in 1909 by Edinburgh lawyer, Thomas  Gillespie which was granted its charter in 1913,  'To promote, facilitate and encourage the study of zoology and kindred subjects and to foster and develop amongst the people with an interest in and knowledge of animal life.'   
    
Royce, the ~ large and luxurious chauffeur-driven motor car of the Wyses. Used for the shortest journey and often causing congestion in the narrow High Street of Tilling - to the particular chagrin of Elizabeth Mapp.

Like the Wyses, Lucia also owned a Rolls Royce, which was driven by her loyal and unflappable chauffeur Cadman (who married the estimable Foljambe). Lucia was less ostentatious in her use of her motor car and, unlike the Wyses, usually managed to walk the short distance from her home to the High Street for daily marketing and news gathering. 
  
Rubens ~ Mrs. Emmeline Lucas was extremely busy; she always took as by divine right, the leading part in the histrionic entertainments with which the cultured of  Riseholme beguiled or rather strenuously occupied, such moments as could be spared from the studies of art and literature and their  social engagements. Lucia espoused the view neatly stated in a  favourite apophthegm, "My dear it is just busy people who have time for everything."

Just as the painter Rubens amused himself with being Ambassador to the Court of St James ( a careeer in itself for most busy men), so Mrs Lucas amused herself in the intervals of her pursuit of Art for Art's sake, with being not  only an ambassador but a monarch - of her kingdom of Riseholme. Her secure autocratic rule was pleasant to contemplate at a time when thrones were toppling and imperial crowns whirling like dead leaves down the autumn winds.

Polymath Flemish baroque painter, scholar and diplomat, Sir Peter Paul Rubens (1577 - 1640) was reknown for portraits, landscapes and depictions of mythological and allegorical subjects. Between 1627 and 1630 his diplomatic career was especially active and he moved between the courts of Spain and England in an effort to bring peace beween the United Provinces and Spanish Netherlands. He was knighted by Philip IV of Spain in 1624  and Charles I of England in 1630. A prolific and successful artist, one of his commissions for Charles I was the decoration of the ceiling of his new banqueting hall in Whitehall. His fondness for and skill in the depiction of what has been described as the pleasingly plump and voluptuous female form gave rise to the term "Rubenesque."    
    
Rubiconned  ~  following the tragic death by drowning in soup of his old friend Captain Puffin, Major Benjy lost his zest for life and spent much more time in the company of Elizabeth Mapp. The January  weather was inclement and there was little winter bridge. Piquet with a single sympathetic companion who did not mind being rubiconned at three pence a hundred was as much as Major Flint was up to at present.  
    
Originating in the early 16th-century, piquet is a trick-taking card game for two players. In rubicon piquet, when the loser's score does not reach 100 it is added to the winners.   
   
Rumbold, Mr, sometimes Rushbold ~ the vicar at Riseholme. Donated his unique collection of eighty-one walking sticks to the Museum in Riseholme. The handles of many were curiously carved, some with the gargoyle heads of monsters putting out their tongues and leering, some with images of birds and fish and one rather indelicate one of a man and girl embracing.

Presentation of the collection proved a problem since they regularly fell over when simply rested against a wall. Daisy Quantock devised an ingenious solution of stretching a lawn tennis net against the wall and tastefully entangling the sticks in its meshes.

Rumbold, Mrs ~ the wife of the vicar of Riseholme who trained the choir, described as resembling a grey suspicious mouse. A guest at Georgie's Christmas dinner with Colonel Boucher and his fiancee Mrs Jane Weston, Robert and Daisy Quantock and Pepino and Lucia. Georgie remarked to Olga Bracely that Mr Rumbold "is always singing carols all Christmas evening with the choir, and she will be alone." Why Mrs Rumbold, who is stated to have taught the choir, was not involved with their Christmas Day performances is not wholly clear, but perhaps not unclear enough to amount to a suggested infelicity.

"Running "  ~  in many ways the story of Emmeline Lucas/Pillson and Elizabeth Mapp/Flint is essentially one of their respective efforts to "run" Riseholme or Tilling and the lives of all their respective citizens.   In Riseholme,  for example,  Lucia successfully determined to annex the guru from her neighbour Daisy Quantock and "run" him as her August stunt.

Although there were occasional Bolshevistic symptoms in the air in both Worcestershire and Sussex, Lucia and Miss Mapp were the social queens of both their domains. The potential for conflict was obvious when the irresistible force took up residence in such close proximity to the immovable object at the seaside.

When Lucia first visited Tilling, Elizabeth Mapp was furious when Susan Wyse struck up an acquaintance with the visitors and secured them for luncheon on the day they were due to return to Riseholme.  "It was very annoying that they had stuck their hooks (so the process represented itself to her vigorous imagery) into Lucia, for Miss Mapp had intended to have no-one's hook there but her own. She wanted to run her, sponsor her, to arrange little parties for her, and cause Lucia to arrange little parties at her dictation, and, while keeping her in her place, show her off to Tilling."

On her return to Riseholme, the shrewd and worldly-wise Lucia had instinctively understood all that had transpired during her first taste of Tilling and the proprietorial intentions of Miss Mapp.

Lucia had noted and been amazed by the look in Miss Mapp's eye when she heard they were lunching with Mrs Wyse - as if Mrs Wyse had pocketed something of hers. Lucia continued to Georgie ," Most extraordinary. I don't belong to Miss Mapp. Of course, it's easy to see that she thinks herself very much superior to all the rest of Tilling. She says that her friends are angels and lambs, and then crabs them a little. Marcate mie parole, Georgino! I believe she wants to run me. I believe Tilling is seething with intrigue. But we shall see. How I hate all that sort of thing! "      
     
Later, when Lucia returned to Tilling after her great success in the pageant in Riseholme, she wanted to break the news of Foljambe's impending engagement and update Georgie about Miss Mapp's aggressive acts in unfairly monopolising Coplen, the gardener, whose wages Lucia paid, and daily intrusion uninvited into "Mallards."  She explained,  "Things are beginning to move Georgie. Night marches, Georgie, manoeuvres. Elizabeth of course. I'm sure I was right, she wants to run me, and if she can't (if!) she'll try to fight me. I can see glimpses of hatred and malice in her."   
    
When Lucia was appointed Mayor of Tilling further "running" took place when the Padre, Algernon Wyse and Major Benjy "ran" their respective spouses for the post of Mayoress of Tilling and Diva Plaistow ran herself. This running race was won by Elizabeth Mapp-Flint, since Lucia found  "it is far better to have her on a lead, bound to me by ties of gratitude than skulking about  like a pariah dog, snapping at me. True, she may not be capable of gratitude, but I always prefer to look for the best  in people, like Mr Somerset Maugham in his delightful stories."    
     
Later, when Elizabeth was appointed Mayoress and over-zealous in offering her services, Lucia commented, "She's got quite a wrong notion of the duties of a Mayoress, Georgie. I wish she would understand that if I want her help I shall ask her for it. She has nothing to do with my official duties, and as she's not on the Town Council, she can't dip her oar in very deep."
     
Georgie replied,  "She's hoping to run you. She hopes to have her finger in every pie. She will if she can."  
   
When the novelist Susan Legg (Rudolfo da Vinci) was summer tenant of "Grebe" and Elizabeth Mapp-Flint was entertaining her unusually extravagantly, Diva Plaistow accurately remarked, "Elizabeth's meaning to run her, that's what it is. Let 'em run!"   
    
Rush's ~ general store in Riseholme

Rutland Gallery ~ small gallery in London which presented an exhibition Herbert Alton's caricatures of society figures - including Lucia and Pepino (admittedly commissioned by Lucia).

3 comments:

Anonymous said...

Am very much enjoying your detailed Glossary. "I could have clapped my hands with joy" at the opportunity to finally read Miss Rossetti's entire poem. When I first read MISS MAPP, circa 1988, I laughed out loud at that particular Diva-induced hidden cupboard moment. Thanks again for such informative detail in your entries!

Deryck Solomon said...

How kind. Thank you for taking the trouble to comment. Preparing the Glossary is reward in itself, but it is gratifying to have positive feedback from someone who has actually read the books! Grazie mille.

Anonymous said...

Really handy. I have just been watching the latest adaptation and was struck by the term "she means to run me" and couldn't find any other place that explained the terms within the social context. Great work :)